Architecture Of Washington DC

The architecture of Washington DC is not uniform and it showcases great variations.  The six out of the top ten architectural buildings listed in the American Institute of Architects rankings in 2007 for America's Favorite Architecture are situated in the District of Columbia. The top six buildings of Washington DC architecture are

  1. White House,
  2. Washington National Cathedral
  3. Thomas Jefferson Memorial,
  4. United States Capitol
  5. Lincoln Memorial
  6. Vietnam Veterans Memorial.

The styles which are being reflected in these top designs of the architecture of Washington are primarily neoclassical, gothic, Georgian and modern. These architectural styles are also reflected in many other well-known edifices in Washington.  However, there are few exceptions in the architecture of Washington DC wherein building don’t make use of these styles and on the other hand, building such as the Old Executive Office Building which was designed using French Second Empire style.

Moving towards the outside downtown Washington DC and review the style of the Washington DC architecture, the architectural styles show even greater variations. Most of the historical building marvels have been designed primarily using the Queen Anne, Richardsonian Romanesque, Chateauesque, Georgian revival, Beaux-Arts, and a whole lot of Victorian styles. Whereas, the Rowhouses are significantly well-known in areas which were developed after the Civil War and typically follow Federalist and late Victorian designs of architect. These all different styles clearly showcase the range of variations which are present in the architecture of Washington.

The fact that Georgetown was established prior the city of Washington was planned, the neighborhood showcases the oldest architecture of Washington. The Georgetown's Old Stone House was built in 1765, thus making it the oldest-standing original building of the Washington city. Large numbers of present day houses in the neighborhood, however, were built only after 1870s and which imitate late Victorian designs of the period. The, Georgetown University which was founded in 1789 is more discrete from the neighborhood and represents a mix of Romanesque and Gothic Revival architecture. The Ronald Reagan Building which is considered to be the largest building in the Washington has a total area of about 3.1 million square feet.